A - Z Glossary

A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P · Q · R · S · T · U · V · W · X · Y · Z



C (vitamin)
Camomile / Chamomile
Casimir Funk (Dr.)
Chicken (Free-range)


Coenzyme Q-10 / CoQ10 / Ubiquinone
Cold Sores



C (vitamin)
Category: nutrient
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant. Take it in combination with vitamin E, selenium, zinc. Vitamin C has a sparing effect on vitamin E (ie. vitamin C has the ability to regenerate vitamin E, making vitamin E reusable. This lessens our bodies requirement of vitamin E, and will need less vitamin E to achieve the same amount of benefits.

Vitamin C is also important for collagen formation and tissue repair, fights bacteria and viruses, reduces the severity and duration of colds, maintains vascular health, increases iron absorption.

Deficiency symptoms include bleeding gums, poor wound healing, bruise easily, nosebleeds, impaired digestion.

>> More info on Vitamin C (immunity booster, male fertility enhancer, cancer fighter)

Category: Chemical element / stimulant – major constituent of coffee
Caffeine is considered a nutrient destroyer. Besides destroying may important nutrients, it also increases blood pressure and stress. Too much caffeine has also been blamed for lower birth weight in newborn babies.

However, there have been some recent reports that coffee/caffeine can lower the risk of: type II diabetes, Parkinson’s disease and colon cancer. Caffeine can also treat headaches, improve mood, and reduce dental cavities.

I am still researching the health effects of coffee, and will update this topic once I have more information to share.

>> Coffee is a nutrient destroyer

Category: Nutrient / Mineral
Calcium is a mineral based nutrient important for the formation and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. Calcium also assists in normal blood clotting, muscle action, nerve and heart functions.

Deficiency signs include back and leg pain, brittle bones, insomnia, irritability and depression.

>> more info on calcium (the bone and teeth mineral)

Camomile / Chamomile
Category: Herb / flower
The chamomile flower is often taken internally as tea. It has antispasmodic properties and relieves digestive upsets. Other ailments that Camomile can treat: flatulence, gastrointestinal spasms, indigestion, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Chamomile tea is often used as a bedtime beverage due to its mild sedative effects. Tastes good on its own or with a bit of honey.

Externally, camomile extracts are useful for treating skin inflammations.

>> more info on Camomile

Category: Macronutrient
Carbohydrates are our main source of energy. The simplest forms are sugars (eg. glucose, fructose, sucrose). Compounds of several sugars are known as complex carbohydrates. The most common of these are found in starchy foods (eg. Bread, pasta, rice, potatoes).

During digestion, the body splits most carbohydrates into simple sugars and will require insulin to absorb them to use as energy. For good health, nutritionists recommend that starchy foods should supply about half of our daily calorie intake.

Chromium is the nutrient mineral required for proper metabolism of carbohydrates.

Category: plant / vegetable / herb / food
Carrots contain carotene, which is good for the eyes and aids in night vision.

The carrot seed is a diuretic and aids in dysentery, gas/wind, scanty urine flow, worms, menstrual irregularity. Carrot seeds crushed into powder and made into tea has been used to relieve colic.

The carrot root is used as a stimulant for indolent ulcers, blood-sugar reducer, treatment for diabetes, gout, heart disease and indigestion.

Category: nutrient
Carotenoids are converted to Vitamin A in our bodies. Beta carotene is the more common of the carotenoid family. Taking carotenoids instead of straight vitamin A, is a better method of supplementing our bodies. Too much Vitamin A is toxic, but taking carotenoids are not. Our bodies will only convert the vitamin A amount that is needed, so there is a much reduced probability of vitamin A poisoning.

Suggestion: Have a mixture of carotenoids.
Beta carotene: 10,000 – 15,000 IU
Lycopene: 1 – 3 mg
Lutein / Zeaxanthin: 1 – 6 mg
Alpha carotene: 500 – 800 mcg (microgram)

Casimir Funk, Dr.
Category: scientist/individual
Dr. Funk was a scientist in Poland. In 1911, he coined the term “vitamine”. He observed that certain food components were required to prevent nutritional-deficiency diseases (eg. beri-beri was caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, scurvy was caused by vitamin C deficiency, and rickets was caused by vitamin D deficiency).

He assumed (mistakenly) that these food components were a class of organic compounds called amines. Because they are vital to the well being of humans, he coined the term "vitamine" (from the two words: vital amines).

Category: Ailment
Catarrh is mucus in the nose, throat and chest caused by infection, allergy or irritation of the mucous membranes.

Category: Flavanoid phytonutrient
Catechins is a group of flavanoid phytonutrients abundant in tea (especially green tea). Catechins is able to prevent certain cancers. Catechins also posseses powerful cell DNA protection properties.

Considered a powerful antioxidant.



Category: Food / Vegetable

Celery has a calming effect on the digestive system, relieving gas and indigestion. It is also reputed to be useful against rheumatism and gout. Celery juice and celery seed extract are good diuretics (ie. promotes urination). Excellent source of vitamin C.

Chinese medicine practitioners have long recognized celery's ability to reduce high blood pressure. Western scientist have recently discovered that celery contains active compounds called pthalides which help relax the muscles around the arteries, allowing these vessels to dilate. With this dilation, the blood flows at a lower pressure. And apart from pthalides, celery also has lots of potassium, magenesium and calcium which also has been known to reduce blood pressure.

Nutritional components (in descending order in terms of amounts):

Vitamin K, Vitamin C, Potassium, Folate, Dietary Fibre, Molybdenum, Manganese, Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), Calcium, Vitamin B1 (thiamin), Magnesium, Vitamin A, Tryptophan, Phosphorous, Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Iron.


Makes an excellent snack, and is delicious with tomato juice.